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Yet where the sociology of risk has become an important and ever-growing field of inquiry, the theorisation of fear remains underdeveloped and immature.
Norbert Elias has made perhaps the most significant contribution to the sociological study of fear. In his book The Civilising Process Vol 2: This is a striking and important insight into the history of fear and society The aim of this essay is to examine the various elements of fear in the here and now.
A cultural script communicates rules about feelings, and also ideas about what those feelings mean. Individuals interpret and internalise these rules according to their circumstances and temperament, while always remaining very much influenced by the rules.
So the impact of fear is determined by the situation people find themselves in, but it is also, to some extent, the product of social construction Fear is determined by the self, and the interaction of the self with others; it is also shaped by a cultural script that instructs people on how to respond to threats to their security.
So getting to grips with fear in contemporary society will require an assessment of the influence of culture. Instead of treating fear as a self-evident emotion, a taken-for-granted concept, we should explore the meaning attached to fear and the rules and customs that govern the way in which fear is experienced and expressed.
While the emotional experience of the individual is, of course, an important aspect of the problem of fear, we must also try to conceptualise fear as a social phenomenon. Cultural norms that shape the way in which we manage and display our emotions also influence the way that fear is experienced.
For example, experience tells us that the intensity of fear is not directly proportional to the objective character of the specific threat. Adversity, acts of misfortune and threats to personal security do not directly produce fear.
Rather, our responses to specific circumstances are mediated through cultural norms, which inform people of what is expected of them when they are confronted with a threat; how they should respond, how they should feel. While this description of socially constructed fear tends to inflate the role of self-interest — the extent to which fear entrepreneurs exploit fear in order to gain some direct benefit — its emphasis on the role of human agency in the making of fear is nonetheless a useful counterpoint to the idea that fear is something natural or purely psychological.
So, the meaning and experience of fear are continually shaped by cultural and historical factors. And fear does not always have negative qualities. The sixteenth-century English philosopher Thomas Hobbes regarded fear as being essential for the realisation of the individual and of a civilised society For Hobbes, and others, fear could be seen as a fairly reasonable response to new events and big changes.
In the individual, too, fear has not always been viewed as a negative emotion. In contrast, the act of fearing God today sits far more uneasily with the prevailing cultural outlook. Matters are complicated further by the fact that the words and phrases used to describe fear are culturally and historically specific.
Today, we talk about fear as something unspecific, diffuse, and intimately tied to the therapeutic view of the individual. And these habits of thought and feeling influence the way that individuals make sense of their experiences, and also how they perceive of threats and how they respond to threats.
Threats are mediated through the cultural outlook. And today, the role of culture is arguably more significant than it was in previous times.
Even Osama bin Laden seems to have grasped this trend. However, the influence of fear today cannot be explained as a direct outcome of the power of the media.
The very real dynamic of individuation means that fear is experienced in a fragmented and atomised form. That is why fear is rarely experienced as a form of collective insecurity, as it often was in earlier times.
The real significance of this development, however, of this move towards a more individuated form of fear, is the highly personalised, even customised way in which fear is experienced now.
As Zygmunt Bauman argues, postmodernity has privatised the fears of modernity.When Megan Stielstra decided to write a book about fear, she started by pushing against the notion that there’s nothing to fear but fear itself.
“I don’t think that’s true,” the year.
In this world of fear, it is close to impossible to not fear something. Fear itself is being pumped through the internet, newspapers, and TV. It seems like the only way .
Fear Quotes. Quotes tagged as "fear" (showing of it to pass over me and through me.
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And when it has gone past I will turn the inner eye to see its path. Where the fear has gone there will be nothing. Only I will remain.” ― Frank Herbert “Tell your heart that the fear of suffering is worse than the suffering itself. And that. White poet Michael Derrick Hudson's use of the Chinese pen name Yi-Fen Chou was an act of yellowface that is part of a long tradition of white voices drowning out those of color in the literary world.
There is nothing to fear but fear itself? Conventional beauty standards are sexist; if it weren't for the "heteropatriarchy," no one would consider Miss Universe more beautiful than a woman.
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